The diet plays a vital role in the health of the body, including that of the eyes. A diet consisting of healthy foods that supply important vitamins and other nutrients to the body will help in keeping the eyes healthy and functioning well. The eyes can get affected by various ailments and a proper diet will help in protecting the eyes against such conditions.
Antioxidants are essential in preventing many eye disorders. These antioxidants contain the vitamins A, C and E. They help to protect the eyes from conditions such as age related macular degeneration. Vegetables and fruits, especially those that are bright colored, contain antioxidants in a high proportion. Fresh fruits and vegetables contain more antioxidants that those that are canned or frozen. Vitamin A is important for proper functioning of the retina. Night blindness can also be averted with adequate intake of this vitamin as it helps in regulating the eyes’ adjustment to light and dark. It is found in spinach, carrots and milk. Age related macular degeneration and cataracts are some of the main causes of vision problems. Intake of vitamin A and vitamin C helps in reducing the risk of these conditions. Vitamin C is obtained from foods such as green peppers, broccoli, strawberries and green chilies. Vitamin E helps to prevent cataracts and also reduces the growth of cataracts. It is present in high quantities in foods such as leafy green vegetables, cereal and nuts. Eye ailments are also averted by the intake of minerals such as zinc and selenium. These enhance the body’s absorption of antioxidants. Zinc can be obtained from yogurt, red meat and cheese. Selenium rich foods include macaroni and walnuts. Visual health is also enhanced by the intake of vitamin B2 and riboflavin. These are contained in foods such as banana, almonds, eggs and sunflower seeds. Deficiency of riboflavin may result in vision impairments and dullness of the eyes.
Fish oil is known to be very important for good eyesight. It enhances vision due to the content of omega 3 fatty acids that are present in it. Including fish such as salmon and other cold water fish in the daily diet will help to promote good health of the eyes. Omega 3 fatty acids are also contained in flaxseed oil. In addition to consuming a healthy diet regular exercise is also necessary for healthy eyes. Practice eye exercises that will help to relax and soothe the eye muscles. These exercises must be especially done while continuous working at the computer or reading.