March 12, 2008

Cervical Caps for Birth Control and Pregnancy Protection

Posted in Category : Women's Health

Birth control is available in a wide variety of forms. Barrier methods for birth control are gaining popularity as they are easy to use and having fewer side effects. Cervical cap is one of the effective birth control measures and offers good protection against pregnancy.

A cervical cap is a soft rubber cap that is thimble-shaped and it also has a round rim. It may be placed in the vagina by a gynecologist so that it can be set in a snug fit around the cervix. It is recommended to add the spermicides to increase its effectiveness. The cervical cap blocks the entrance of sperms into uterus, while the spermicides immobilize and kill the sperms. The vaginal muscles hold this cap into place and prevent it from dislodging during the sexual intercourse.

The cervical cap can be obtained by the doctor’s prescription. It is available in different sizes to fit comfortably inside the vagina. It should be inserted into vagina before the intercourse. Apply a small quantity of spermicides to the brim and bowl of the cap. Pinch the cap to get folded in half and push it into the vagina. Push it inside till it covers the cervix. You can leave this cap for 48 hours. You need not apply the spermicides at the tome of each intercourse.

Leave the cap in place at least for 8 hours after the intercourse. When you want to remove the cap, insert the finger into vagina and gently push in the dome of the cap. Pull on the strap present on the front and thus remove the device. The cervical cap can be washed using a mild antiseptic soap and luke warm water. Allow to air dry and then store it in its protective case. Every time, when you use this cap, check it for tears or holes. It can last for about a year if looked after in a proper way.

The cervical cap is not noticed by both partners. It does not affect the menstrual cycle or future fertility. Since it needs less spermicide, the couple can take pleasure of oral sex. It can offer the protection against some sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhea, but not against herpes and HIV. Its failure is just 9% with perfect use.

The cervical cap may give rise to unpleasant vaginal odor and discharge and some allergic reactions to spermicides or rubber.