April 3, 2008

Birth Control Patch Function & Efficiency

Posted in Category : Women's Health

Birth control patch is an effective way of preventing unwanted pregnancy in women. The patch is 4½ centimeter squared in shape and is light brown. It contains hormones such as progesterone and estrogen which are used to control the pregnancy.

The patch works in the same manner as the birth control pills. Here also the hormones estrogen and progesterone prevents the release of the egg from the ovary. Now when there is no ovulation then there are no chances of fertilization. Moreover, the hormones cause thickening of the mucus of the cervix. Once the mucus thickens it does not allow the sperm to reach the uterus and thus there is no chance of any fertilization of egg.

The patch should be used on the first day of the menstrual cycle and it should be worn up to the fourth week. Buttocks, abdomen, upper arm, and upper torso are the places where the patch should be put; never put it on the breast. Every week change the old patch and apply a new one.

Though side effects are very rare in this case but some of the side effects associated with it are: dizziness, weight gain, nausea, abrupt changes in the mood, irregular periods, cramps, and skin reactions.

Birth control patch is generally used by those women who tend to forget to take birth control pills; however those who are suffering from high blood pressure, migraines, diabetes, and blood clots should not opt for these. These patches won’t help you prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

A Birth control patch is an effective way to control unwanted pregnancy but it should be applied in a proper way. Suppose you forget to use the patch on the right day then use condoms or other methods to prevent pregnancy. Be in touch with your doctor and follow his instructions religiously.