Hair Transplants

by Sharon Hopkins

Hair transplantation is a cosmetic procedure carried out to treat significant hair loss or bald patches on the scalp. This surgery, normally done for aesthetic reasons, involves removing a patch of hairy scalp from a part of the head (usually the back or the sides) which has normal hair growth. Once the part is removed, the scalp is again closed with stitches. Meanwhile, with the help of a blade and magnifying glass, small groups or individual hair are separated out from the hairy scalp which was removed.

Very early hair transplantation surgeries involved taking out large plugs of existing hair, however in recent times small plugs of just four or five hair are used in order to achieve a more natural effect.  

These hair are then grafted into small holes made in the part which needs the hair transplant (usually the front). Hair transplant is done under local anesthesia, and in a single session hundreds and thousands of hair can be transplanted.

In hair transplantation, generally the scalp is the preferred area for receiving hair, but sometimes hair from other parts of the body, for instance the beard, are also used.

Beard hair or body hair transplant may be done for a variety of reasons. Many times beard hair is taken to replenish or fill up the donor area of the scalp, which had become weak due to hair being constantly removed from there, for previous hair transplant procedures. Sometimes when there is shortage of scalp donor hair, beard or body hair is taken for transplantation.

There are many different types of hair transplantation techniques, for example, punch harvesting, excision, strip harvesting, flap surgery and scalp reduction or advancement flap surgery. The best hair transplant technique for each individual person would depend on the type and cause of baldness and reason for hair transplant.

One normally associates baldness with men, but even women can be victims of alopecia or hair loss. Most women who opt for surgical treatment, almost always choose hair transplants, because female hair transplants have a high success rate. Nevertheless, hair transplant for women is not the solution for all and any kind of hair loss. Hair transplantation normally works best for women whose condition is genetically oriented, or for treating baldness caused due to scalp trauma arising from accidents or surgeries.  



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