Diabetes, Prediabetes, and Metabolic Syndrome

by Sam Malone

Diabetes is a condition where the body does not regulate its blood sugar levels properly. This would either manifest itself as hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a condition where the blood sugar level is excessively elevated. This is the opposite condition to hypoglycemia which is a condition where the blood sugar level is low. Diabetes is related to insulin production or insulin acceptance. When there is a production problem, a low level of insulin is responsible for the condition. In some cases, insulin production is normal but the body does not react properly to the insulin produced and it does not process sugar properly. A person suffering from diabetes will suffer from rapid fluctuations in blood sugar levels that could potentially be life threatening. The fluctuations will definitely affect the individual adversely. This is why a diabetic needs to permanently monitor his or her blood sugar level throughout the day. Certain foods are avoidable, especially those that are high on the glycemic index.

Prediabetes is the term given to a condition that is approaching diabetes but has not yet reached the same level of full blown diabetes. A person suffering from this condition is likely to suffer from diabetes soon. It is a condition where the blood sugar level is rising. This means that the insulin related problem has begun and is gradually advancing. The symptoms associated with hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia may not have set in at this point and the patient may simply suffer from mild symptoms or no noticeable symptoms at all.

There is also a chance that an individual can develop prediabetes metabolic syndrome. This is the condition where the near diabetes state of the individual is coupled with other issues like high blood pressure, low good cholesterol and excess body fat develops cardiovascular problems. These problems may include suffering a heart attack or a stroke, both of which are life threatening conditions. When a patient is diagnosed with these conditions, it is advisable that immediate action be taken. This is because at the initial stage, metabolic syndrome and prediabetes are controllable and even reversible. If one’s lifestyle and diet is changed, one can reduce the risks of developing permanent diabetes and also serious cardiac problems.

The changes required for a person suffering from prediabetes metabolic syndrome include the commencement of exercise, a reduction in fat intake, and the consumption of food that contains good cholesterol. General health tips such as a moderation of diet quantity should be followed as well.

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