December 11, 2009

Reasons & Procedure for Colonoscopy Test

Posted in Category : Women's Health

During a colonoscopy, the doctor uses a special magnifying device to look inside a woman’s cervix, vagina and vulva. While conducting the colonoscopy, if the doctor feels that there is a problem, then he might perform a biopsy, in which a small sample of tissue is taken out from the opening in the cervix, and the sample is tested under a microscope.


This process of looking inside the cervix and vagina is often used when the results of the Pap smear test is abnormal and the doctor suspects viral infections like human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and infections caused by fungi, bacteria or protozoa. Atrophic vaginitis which is related to menopause can also lead to abnormal. Pap smear test results. Sometimes these abnormal cells can turn cancerous.


The physician will use an illuminated magnifying device. This helps him/her check thoroughly. A camera attached to the colonoscope takes videos or pictures of the cervix and vagina. The health care practitioner might dab some vinegar on the cervix and vagina to check more efficiently.

Reason: Colonoscopy is done to check if the Pap smear tests results have been abnormal. This is also done to check for genital warts or a sore around the cervix or vagina. Once the problem has been detected, an effective treatment plan can be chalked out.

Preparing for the Test: Do tell your doctor if you are pregnant. A urine test might be done to check if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor if you are taking any medicines or are allergic to any, if you’re taking any blood-thinners, or if you have been treated for any pelvic, cervical or vaginal infection. It is advisable not to use any medicines or tampons for 24 hours before your colonoscopy. You’ll be asked to empty your bladder before the procedure. You can ask the doctor for a pain reliever an hour before the procedure. This might bring some relief from the cramping pain. The best time for a colonoscopy is early in your menstrual cycle, about eight to twelve days after the first day of your last period.

Procedure: The procedure is conducted by a gynecologist or a nurse. You will have to lie down on the examination table with your feet in the stirrups. A speculum and an endocervical brush are used in order to obtain a sample. The sample is sent to a laboratory where the cells of the sample are checked for abnormalities. The procedure for the test is very short and in most cases, there is a little discomfort. However, some women may experience intense pain and it is important to inform your doctor immediately should you feel any extreme discomfort.