April 4, 2008

Procedure for Male Fertility Test

Posted in Category : Women's Health

Male infertility test are carried out now a days to find out reasons for couples who are not conserving any child even after 6 to 12 months of unprotected intercourse. Some physical symptoms are seen in some of the men which help in diagnosis, while some don’t show any such symptom. Symptoms that may indicate infertility in man are change in size of man’s testes and gain or lose in body weight. More symptoms that indicates infertility in

Men are undescended testes, vasectomy and vasectomy reversal, swollen testes.

The major male infertility test is semen analysis. This test checks in the following area

  • Motility
  • Morphology
  • Quantity
  • Vitality

In general these tests are enough to explain a person’s inability, if the sperm count is very low and mobility is less than, the person it requires an advance approach. If the test is normal then the semen analysis shows following results.

  • The volume of semen is greater than 2ml.
  • The sperm count is more than 30 million sperms per ml.
  • The mobility is greater than 60% within 1 hour of production.
  • The abnormality rate is less than 25%.

For most of the man semen test is the only test required to check if he is capable to reproduce or not, but still some tests are carried out to measure the productive hormones such as FSH, LH and testosterone.

For a person who is suffering from azoospermia (zero sperm count) additional blood tests are required. The FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) is a important test to diagnosis function. In some cases the reason for azoospermia is testicular failure, than it is reflected in raised FSH level.

Other tests like LH (luteinizing hormone) test, ultrasound test and testicular biopsy is done.

The most fashionable test which has come up now a day is the sperm chromatin strauture assay (SCSA) and sperm DNA Fragmentation assay.