February 3, 2010

Treatment Guidelines For Bone Disorders

Posted in Category : Bone, Joint & Muscles Disorders

Bone disorders come under the bigger blanket of bone diseases and this can range from a wide variety of problems. Generally, bones like any other tissue in the body will grow according to the needs of the body at the time. Therefore, when there is more continuous stress to one part of a bone, more calcium is deposited there to fortify it. Likewise, if there is a deficiency of calcium in the blood and there isn’t much need for the amount of calcium in the bone that is already there, it is removed into the blood. There is an entire set of disorders that are caused by a mistake in this system. Other types of bone disorders that can affect a person include genetic defects of bone growth and cancers. One of the most dreaded of these is leukemia and also multiple myeloma. These are diseases of the bone marrow that cause erroneous formation of blood cells. Multiple myeloma actually destroys bones itself. The final set of bone disorders is those that are a result of age. These include the all too familiar arthritis and osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is of major significance because nearly every woman is at risk of it after menopause.

Cysts are another odd occurrence that can occur in bones. Unlike most other cysts that can occur in the body, bone cysts are either filled with blood or simply with air. These can show up in x-rays as a path of missing bone itself. As with nearly all cysts, the problem is generally thought to be caused by some kind of traumatic injury to the body part. This causes some deformations during the healing process. Craniosynostosis is a rare genetic problem that affects children. When our skull develops inside the womb, the skull is not completely inflexible as it is during later life. This is because it would hamper delivery. Once the child is out of the womb, the major part of the permanency of the structure starts to develop. However, if some parts of the fractured skull pieces close too fast, this will cause hampered development, which causes the growing brain to cause other areas to swell out.

Arthritis is an autoimmune disease with a genetic bent, and there is nothing that can be done to cure it. Corticosteroid treatments are the only relief. Osteoporosis causes bones to become brittle making fractures more imminent. This can be prevented in women with Vitamin D, calcium, and hormone treatments.