February 29, 2008

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Physical and Physiological Symptoms

Posted in Category : Women's Health

The symptoms which are associated with the menstrual cycle are termed as premenstrual syndrome.  Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome generally start showing up a week or two week before the period.  The hormonal change which takes place in the body during the menstruation cycle is considered to be mainly responsible for the premenstrual syndrome; though the actual cause is still unknown.

The symptoms of premenstrual syndrome can lead to both the physical as well as emotional changes.  The physical or emotional disorder may vary from milder to severe. The symptoms cease to exist once the woman has reached the age of menopause which is generally 51.

Depressions, weeping, low self esteem, sleep problems, insomnia, low energy, irritability, anxiety, difficulty in concentrating, poor coordination, aggression, changed libido, clumsiness lethargy. Thirst, sweet cravings, salty cravings, headache, appetite changes, weight gain, abdominal bloating, breast swelling, fluid retention, hot flushes, dizziness, breast tenderness, palpitations, gastrointestinal upset, frequent urination, bowel motion changes, constipation, joint or muscle pain, diarrhea, mood swings are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.

Woman belonging to the age group of 20 to 40 years, with at least one child or having a history of depression are more vulnerable to this condition.  Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is the more severe form of the disease.  It is caused by a chemical named serotonin released from brain. Suicidal thoughts, feeling of being out of control, panic attacks and mood swings are some of the major symptoms associated with the disease PMDD.

Different women are affected by the disease in a different ways; it is best to prepare a chart of such symptoms. These charts may help the doctor to treat you properly. Intake of healthy foods and adoption of a healthy lifestyle can also play major role in checking the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.