Treatment for Shoulder Injury

by Sam Malone

The shoulder joint is of particular importance because it determines the individual’s ability to carry weights and exert pressure. The upper arm is anchored in the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is particularly flexible in terms of the range of movement that it allows for the hand. An entire rotation of the hand is possible because of the design of the shoulder joint. Naturally, there are important muscles of the arm and chest attached to the shoulder area.

A shoulder injury is any damage that occurs to the shoulder area. It is important to differentiate between shoulder joint injuries and external injuries. Generally speaking the term shoulder injury refers to an injury in the joint.

Shoulder injury diagnosis is extremely important in order to cure the problem. The shoulder joint has many ligaments and tendons which help it perform its job. Any of these could be damaged when the individual suffers from injury. For the purpose of shoulder injury diagnosis, it is important that the individual accurately describe how the injury occurred. There may be many clues in this for the doctor to understand the nature of the injury. The area where the pain is being felt most is also important for a shoulder injury diagnosis. Finally, the position in which the hand is held to cause most pain is relevant to the shoulder injury diagnosis. These shoulder injury symptoms are all crucial for the diagnosis of the type of injury that has occurred. Once these shoulder injury symptoms have been described by the patient, the doctor can use imaging scans to determine the type of shoulder injury that has occurred.

Imaging scans in the form of X-ray, CT and MRI scans are used to properly visualize the joint. When this is done, deformities in the joint may be noted. Often, a ruptured tendon or ligament will become properly visible during such imaging tests. Imaging is now used extensively for shoulder injury diagnosis. The complicated nature of the joint is one of the reasons why shoulder injury diagnosis is done using imaging equipment. There are many types of shoulder injury that need to be considered before shoulder injury treatment can commence.

If one ignores fractures and dislocations, the types of shoulder injury include impingement, tears, partial tears and tendinitis. Impingement involves the space between the bones being reduced. This reduces the area where the tendons can move, thus restricting their movement and thus causes pain. Tears and partial tears are fairly obvious. These are injuries that affect the ligaments and tendons. It is particularly common to experience tears or partial tears when the arm has been violently jerked or twisted. Finally, we come to tendinitis. Tendinitis is an inflammation that occurs in the tendons. This may be caused by infection. However, it is more common for tendinitis to be caused by impingement or by repeated abuse of the shoulder joint. Repeated abuse indicates the fact that the individual is putting too much pressure on the joint. This may, over time, lead to the development of tendinitis. It should be noted that most shoulder injuries can be made pain free if the joint is completely immobilized using a cast or by avoiding any movement.

Shoulder injury treatment depends entirely on the type of shoulder injury that has occurred. In most cases, shoulder injury treatment is restricted to simply immobilizing the joint as it repairs itself. Cold compress will be used to reduce the pain and inflammation. Patients may be treated with anti-inflammatory medication as well. Shoulder surgery will be necessary if the diagnosis shows serious damage that needs to be repaired. 
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