March 5, 2008

Causes & Treatments for Cervical Dysplasia

Posted in Category : Women's Health

Cervical Dysplasia is a scientific term frequently used to describe irregular growth of cells. These abnormal cells are seen on surface of cervix. The cervix is narrow end of uterus that is situated at the apex of vagina.There are changes in the cervical tissue and are classified as severe, moderate and mild. Cervical dysplasia is not a cancer but this condition can bring about abnormal change in cells of cervix may lead to cancer if left untreated. Hence, it is often termed as a precancerous condition.

Mild dysplasia is a very common occurrence. In most cases cervical tissue that suffer from mild dysplasia returns back to normal without any kind of treatment. Severe and moderate dysplasia has fewer chances to resolve on their own and may develop into a cancer. Greater the abnormality, higher will be the risk of developing cancer.

Cervical dysplasia is seen in women who are sexually active. It commonly occurs in women who had a sexual intercourse before completing 18 years of age. Women who smoke or intake a diet that is less in folic acid have a higher risk of cervical dyslplasia.

Causes of Cervical Dysplasia:

Human papillomavirus(HPV) is the main cause of cervical dysplasia. During sexual intercourse this virus is transmitted which produces papillomas. Papillomas are benign, small growths on cervix. HPV can also spread through oral sex. HPV can also transmit from women to their fetus if they are infected with this kind of virus at the time of pregnancy. Poor nutrition is also responsible for cervical dysplasia. Poor nutrition weakens the immune system, thus lowering the body’s capacity to fight viruses

Depending on severity of cervical dysplasia treatment is given. High severity cervical dysplasia requires treatment. Biopsy and colposcopy are some of the procedures that are used to direct HP virus. By using several methods the abnormal tissue can be removed. Some effective methods include laser surgery, surgery, cryosurgery and electro cauterization.