Treatment for Mania

Various anti-depressant and anti-psychotic drugs are generally prescribed as treatment for mania. Lithium carbonate or carbamazepine has been used successfully to treat manic episodes. Anti-convulsants are also used in the treatment of mania as they improve mood swings symptomatic of bipolar disorder. There is another class of medication known as calcium channel blockers used to treat symptoms of bipolar disorder. However, the efficacy of these drugs is limited and they are used minimally. Benzodiazepines are used to depress the central nervous system. They induce sleep, prevent seizures and relieve anxiety often associated with mania. Another controversial form of treatment is the use of electroconvulsive shock therapy. In addition to medication, some cases of mania may respond to psychotherapy though only a few studies have been conducted on the efficacy of this form of treatment. 
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  2. Colleen Loo, Natalie Katalinic, Philip B. Mitchell, Benjamin Greenberg, Physical treatments for bipolar disorder: A review of electroconvulsive therapy, stereotactic surgery and other brain stimulation techniques, Journal of Affective Disorders, Volume 132, Issues 1–2, July 2011, Pages 1-13, ISSN 0165-0327, 10.1016/j.jad.2010.08.017.
  3. Carmen Andreescu, Benoit H. Mulsant, James E. Emanuel, Complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of bipolar disorder — A review of the evidence, Journal of Affective Disorders, Volume 110, Issues 1–2, September 2008, Pages 16-26, ISSN 0165-0327, 10.1016/j.jad.2008.03.015.