Mania in Greek means madness and is derived from the work mainmai, which means ‘to rave in anger.’ Mania in medical terms is defined as a mood disorder where the person feels inappropriately elated, excited, and optimistic. Mania is also one part of bipolar disorder where the person swings from alternating periods of depression and periods of mania.

Many people, who suffer from mania, tend to enjoy these phases of optimism and intense activity. Some insist that they are at their most creative and productive during these times. However, these feelings may not always be based on reality. The elevated levels of energy and arousal during a manic period can also vary in intensity. Some people only experience mild symptoms of mania. This is referred to as hypomania and includes symptoms such as insomnia and increased metabolism. There are also severe cases of mania that can lead to delusions, hallucinations, and the inability to function normally.

According to facts about mania collected by the National Alliance on Mental Illness or NAMI, there are approximately 5 million people in America, who suffer from bipolar disorder (with recurring cycles of depression and mania). Studies also show that bipolar is the fifth leading cause of disability all over the world. What is most worrying is that there are increased cases of violence and assault from people during a manic attack. To this end, more research on the diagnosis and treatment of mania is urgently required.

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