Can I have information about blood sugar level in two different units, means comparison after fastening after two hours of meal and random.

The term blood sugar is used to define the concentration of glucose in the blood of an individual. Glucose is one of the main sources of energy to the body. Glucose is broken down during the process of metabolism in order to generate heat and energy. Blood sugar is therefore essential for the body. low blood sugar and high blood sugar are both conditions that are abnormal and dangerous to the individual. A person with low blood sugar, hypoglycemia, may suffer from diminishing consciousness as the body may not have enough energy to keep itself going. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar causes symptoms that include blurred vision, increased thirst and hyperactivity. Prolonged exposure to high blood pressure could damage the kidneys, brain and even the eyes. One should always seek to lower blood sugar naturally.

Blood sugar testing is a simple procedure that is conducted using a sample of blood drawn from a vein in the upper forearm. For diabetics, there is also a home based test where a simple pin prick is enough to drop blood onto the detector of the machine which would give an instant blood sugar reading.

Blood sugar changes throughout the day depending on the meal consumption patterns. As food is processed in the stomach, it releases sugar into the blood. Some foods release sugar faster while others do so slowly. The rate at which food releases sugar in the body is represented on the glycemic index. Certain foods are higher on the list while others are lower. Lower group foods are better for diabetics as they receive gradual doses of sugar.

If the body is functioning normally, the blood sugar while fasting should be between 82 and 110 mg/dL. This is a relatively small band within which the blood sugar falls. Fasting sugar refers to the amount of sugar a few hours after the meal and not if someone has been malnourished or has not eaten in many days. Fasting blood glucose levels are diagnostically relevant as they can detect how efficiently the body is using glucose and whether there is a problem of hyperglycemia.

May people are often in a dilemma when considering ways on how to control blood sugar. The best way to control blood sugar is to eat food that is moderate or low on the glycemic index. This means the avoidance of foods like potatoes which are high on the list. Exercise helps the body burn glucose as well. A person with high glucose may be benefited by exercise. High fiber content allows food to pass through the digestive system efficiently. It also slows the process of sugar absorption, specifically if it is soluble fiber.

answered by G M

Blood sugar level refers to the level of glucose present in your blood. There are other sugars that are present in our body too but they are mostly inert. Glucose serves as the only controlling signal for our metabolic activity and regulation hence the term blood sugar level refers to glucose levels. The normal blood glucose level is maintained between 4 to 6 mM (mmol/l). The amount of glucose found in circulating blood totals to about 3.3 to 7 g approximately. Glucose levels are lowest in the morning as the person is on an empty stomach after a full night fast. The blood sugar levels increase after the person eats. And the levels remain increased by a few grams for about 1 to 2 hours after eating every meal. When the body fails to maintain the normal range of blood sugar level it leads to an increase that is high blood sugar level or decrease that is low blood sugar level in the body.

The commonly used clinical indication of overall blood glucose homeostasis is FBG (fasting blood glucose) level. This is because the body is stable at that time since the person is on an empty stomach. When the person eats, the blood sugar levels change and are not steady so a fasting blood glucose level is checked for a steady count. The blood sugar level is also checked 2 hours after a meal to see the difference in glucose levels in the body and to compare it with fasting blood glucose. This is done to diagnose diabetes.

Blood sugar levels change due to several reasons like excessive stress, an infection that brings down the immunity level and affects the metabolic system, strenuous exercise, and also food intake.

When the blood sugar level drops too low it causes a condition known as hypoglycemia, which can be fatal. There could be brain damage and or the symptoms might include, unconsciousness, lethargy, irritability, improper mental functioning, etc. When the blood sugar level gets too high it causes a condition called as hyperglycemia. If this is for a short duration then the person's appetite is suppressed. However if this condition remains for a long term then the person might experience problems with eyesight, nerve damage, or problems with the kidney. These are the health problem associated with diabetes.

Medical attention is essential in both the cases; when a person's blood sugar level gets too high or too low as in certain cases it might risk a person's life.

answered by G M

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