Causes of teenage mood swings

Adolescence is a period that is characterized as that of “storm and stress.” The period of adolescence is marked by a lot of emotional upheaval, turbulence, and turmoil. A teenager, therefore, experiences a lot of mood swings, which may be due to the changing biology or because of environmental factors.

Both the biological and emotional factors can cause a slew of changes in the psyche of the teenager, which can often cause a lot of mood swings. Teenage hormonal imbalance is usually blamed for almost all the mood changes that a teenager experiences. However, if you look deeply into it, the fact is that there are environmental factors that are also as much to blame for teenage hormonal imbalance.

There is a popular misconception that the brain grows completely during childhood. The truth is that the brain continues to grow through the adolescent years. Although the brain reaches 90% of its maturity by the time we are age six, it continues to grow and peaks when we are adults. Recent researches have shown that in our teenage years, the brain changes more than it was ever known. The prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain that controls planning, judgment, and self-control is what develops in the teenage years. This also means that though teenagers have all the emotions that a normal adult has, they do not have the right kind of control mechanisms in the brain that can control these emotions.

The causes of mood swings in teenagers are both biological and environmental. Hormonal mood swings aside, mood swings in teenagers are also often associated with the kind circumstances that the teenager is in. Teenagers do not have the ability to deal with their emotions and the pressures that they are always surrounded with. The frustrations and the anxieties of life that teenagers often face could cause confusion and may often be manifested as symptoms of mood swings, even though they may not always be mood swings. The world continues to change around them, and there is a lot of pressure both from the families and the peers. Performance pressures can often cause a breakdown of emotions, resulting in teenage manic depression. This is often not treated in time because the depression is confused with teenage hormonal imbalance.

Mood swings in teenagers need to be diagnosed appropriately. Since teenagers often go through identity crises during this period, support from their families is necessary. Teenage hormonal imbalance could also result in a variety of psychological conditions in an individual, if the condition is not addressed in the right manner.

answered by G M

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