How do I get rid of endolimax nana, nonpathogenic intestinal amoebae?

(Last Updated: May 9, 2007)

What is endolimax nana?

The endolimax nana parasite is a type of amoebozoa which is found in the intestines of humans and other animals especially monkeys. The endolimax nana parasite with four nuclei forms cysts which can eventually become trophozoites. Studies have even shown that the endolimax nana parasite even plays a role in the HIV-1 infection progression. Other studies have even suggested that the endolimax nana can even cause arthritis by eating the calcium from the bones. In many cases the presence of this parasite in the intestinal tract can also result in bouts of chronic diarrhea in some people. Some of the common symptoms of endolimax nana can be seen in the form of pain in the abdomen, bloating, chronic fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, fever, gastritis, arthritis, headaches, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, malabsorption, disturbed sleep, vomiting and even rectal bleeding. Since this parasite thrives in the intestinal tract all these symptoms are quite common. The endolimax parasite is the smallest type of amoeba found in the intestine and has been associated as the cause of collagen related diseases and also rheumatoid arthritis. It is also very common for HIV patients to experience diarrhea and other problems due to the presence of the endolimax nana parasite.

answered by A S

What is the difference between trophozoites and cysts?

The endolimax nana trophozoites are generally small and measure 6-12 um, the average range being 8-10 um. Living trophozoites are usually non-progressive and also sluggish. In unstained preparations their nuclei can be sometimes visible. On the other hand when the organisms are stained, their karyosome appears irregularly shaped and large but in some cases it may even be fragmented or positioned against the side of the nuclear membrane. The nuclear membrane does not show any peripheral chromatin. The cytoplasm which is highly vacuolated and granular may even contain bacteria. The endolimax nana cysts on the other hand are small and spherical. The mature cysts usually contain four nuclei and it is very rare to come across an immature endolimax nana cyst. These cysts usually measure 5-10 um with the average being 6-8 um. In stained preparations the karyosome appears distinct but not as large as the trophozoite. The karyosome of the endolimax nana cysts is however much bigger that those seen in the entamoeba species. The peripheral chromatin is also missing in the nuclear membrane. In unstained preparations, the nuclei are totally invisible but the karyosomes can be seen in iodine stained preparations. Although chromatid bodies are absent, the cytoplasm contains small granules and diffuses glycogen.

answered by M W

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