What Are The Causes, Symptoms And Prevention Of Any Three Non Communicable Disease And Five Communicable Diseases?

Most people all over the world are unaware of what are communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are some of the most common illnesses prevalent all over the world. The conditions that fall under this category are primarily carried by microorganisms and transmitted through surfaces, air, animals, food and people. The transmission of the condition from one person to another will primarily rely on the exchange of fluids or ingestion of contaminated substances. Some of the various types of communicable diseases may spread primarily during a particular season while other may be prevalent year round in certain parts of the world. It is not uncommon for the prevalence of communicable diseases to also be linked to living and environmental conditions around a certain area. For instance, some investigations into the prominence of communicable disease will tend to intersect with issues of drainage systems, vaccinations, the availability of health care and travel restrictions amongst many others. The various type of communicable diseases that are spread by human to human contact are usually prevented by better hygiene such as washing your hands regularly, ensuring water purity and practicing safe sex.

Because of the fact that there are a number of common communicable diseases spreading rather quickly all over the world, it is important to be aware of some of the most important methods of communicable disease control. As mentioned earlier, practicing proper hygiene is a very important part of effective communicable disease control. This would also require you to be particularly careful when using objects that are touched often by random strangers, such as door knobs, shopping carts, ATM machines and money as they are known to be some of the most common carriers of the germs of communicable diseases. Another very common site for the germs that carry communicable diseases is the interiors of your car. Chances are that, at some point or the other, you have probably had something to eat inside the car and driving with your windows down is the most common way of letting a number of germs into the car. Moreover, the most likely part of the car to contain a number of germs is the steering wheel as it is increasingly likely that you will have touched something else and then placed your hands back on it. Hand sanitizers are rapidly becoming one of the most effective methods of dealing with communicable diseases because of the convenience as well as the fact that they are quite effective in killing the germs on ones hands. Communicable disease control methods that are used would not be foolproof as it is not possible to stay completely away from germs in the air.

answered by G M

Communicable diseases are those that are infectious and hence, easily transmitted. Tuberculosis, cholera, malaria are examples of such diseases. The mode of transmission for such diseases differs. For example, malaria is a blood-borne disease and is spread by mosquitoes. Now mosquitoes breed in warm damp areas - areas usually associated with filth. In effect, dirty unkempt surroundings do play a role in harboring the germs and the carriers of malaria. Hygiene is of paramount importance in dealing with such diseases. Also, a well-balanced diet that incorporates the right amount of every type of essential nutrient is also needed. Proper eating habits also must be inculcated.

Then there are communicable diseases such as gonohorrea, syphilis, etc, that are sexually transmitted. The treatment for sexually transmitted diseases is rather tedious and a number of precautions need to be taken. The best precaution is of course to abstain from sex. And the best preventive measure is to stick to just one partner.

Non-communicable diseases are those that are not infectious and you do not run the risk of being infected if you sit next to the carrier of the disease or if you share the same towel or plate. Examples of such diseases are cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Usually, non-communicable diseases are hereditary. A person might suffer from diseases due to genetic factors or lifestyle factors. For example, diseases such as Hemophilia A and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, are known to be genetically linked. They are caused due to X-linked recessive disorders that occur because of mutations effected on the X chromosome. On the other hand, a disease such as depression is a result of a lifestyle gone haywire. Too much work pressure, lack of time for any kind of social involvement are some of the causes for depression. Some other known non-communicable diseases are obesity, acne, and chronic renal failure.

answered by M W

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