Bladder stones are hard formations of minerals and other elements in the urinary bladder. Bladder stones are very common in adults and may be formed due to mainly urological problems such as Bladder diverticulum, Neurogenic bladder, Enlarged prostate and Urinary tract infections. Bladder stones occur when the urine in the bladder is concentrated, which causes the materials to form crystals. Symptoms of the stone occur when the stone starts to irritate the bladder lining. There are certain times when the stone stops the flow of urine from the urinary bladder. More than 95% of bladder stones occur in men. Although found frequently, they are less common than kidney stones.
Your kidneys filter your blood, keeping the substances required by your body and getting rid of excess fluids and waste. This exits the body in form of urine. If the urine is not excreted from the body regularly, it forms crystals and that is how stones are formed.
There are many symptoms of bladder stones. The most common symptom is abdominal pain and pressure on the lower abdomen. There have also been cases with dark and abnormally colored urine. Some patients even experience blood in the urine flow. There is often a lot of difficulty caused during urinating and even after the urine has passed, there is burning sensation in the bladder. Due to the fact that the bladder is irritated, one feels frequent urges to urinate. There are even certain cases where it becomes difficult or painful to urinate in certain positions. Another symptom is interruption in the urine flow.
There is usually pain and discomfort in the penis, indicative of a tract infection, which often follows with fever. Some patients even experience urinary incontinence, where it becomes difficult for one to control the flow of urine.
To get rid of bladder stones, one must drink a lot of water. It is necessary that one should drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water to better the condition. This is because water increases the urinary output which causes the stones to pass.
If you wish to visit your health care provider, he or she may remove the stones using a cystoscope, a small tube that passes into the urethra and into the bladder. Another treatment that is used is the Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses ultrasonic sound waves to break the stones. Some stones are removed using open surgery. Very rarely are medications used to dissolve the stones.