Meniere's Disease

by Kevin Pederson


Meniere's Disease is associated with hearing loss. Symptoms include ringing in the ears, vertigo, and inability to understand speech. This affects both women and men and can appear in the ages 35 to 47 years old. Old age is also a factor for the occurrence of meniere's disease. When this happens, there is an abnormal increase in fluid pressure in the inner ear.

When there is an increased pressure, the Corti, which lies closely beneath the cochlea, is irritated. The Corti converts the pressure to electrical impulses and sends signals to the brain about the body's motion. It is also suspected that excessive fluid pressure causes swelling and rupture of the membranes of the inner air. Frequency of attacks of the meniere's disease will result in diminished hearing over time.

Hearing loss is also categorized into three types: (a) conductive (b) sensory (c) Neural. In conductive hearing loss, sound cannot be transmitted the receptors in the inner ear; sound must be louder to be recognized or heard. Sensory hearing loss happens when the cochlea is not functioning normally because the tiny hair cells are destroyed. This kind of hearing loss is connected with meniere's disease. In neural hearing loss, the nerve between the cochlea and the brain is impaired.

When the hearing is impaired, an audiologist will determine the nature and degree of hearing loss. He will then recommend the right hearing aid. There are different hearing aid types. Most patients go for the hearing aids that are almost invisible. Unfortunately, the neural hearing impairment cannot benefit from this type of hearing aid. This type needs the behind the ear model for the bone conduction of sound. As the hearing loss progresses, patients with Meniere's Disease can wear hearing aids.

In some cases, people suffering from meniere's disease can also have two types of hearing loss. They can have both conductive and sensory hearing loss. The audiologist can also recommend a hearing aid for this type of hearing disability. There are also other considerations in choosing the type of hearing aid for people with meniere's disease. Since majority is elderly people, they will need hearing aids that will not require difficulty in handling.

If you are diagnosed as having meniere's disease, have an audiologist test your hearing. It will help to get more information about hearing aids so you can choose one within budget. A hearing aid will help and get more enjoyment from life.


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