Symptoms of Kidney Failure

The signs and symptoms of Kidney Failure include:

In some cases, acute kidney failure does not result in any signs and symptoms and may be detected only during medical examinations and tests done for other conditions.

The signs and symptoms of chronic kidney failure develop gradually over a period of time. They include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced urine output
  • Weakness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Reduced mental alertness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Swollen feet, ankles and legs
  • Itching

These symptoms are often mistaken for symptoms of various other conditions due to their non-specific nature. Also, since the kidneys are able to compensate for diminished functioning, the symptoms may not appear until the damage has already taken place. It is important to consult a doctor if you experience any symptoms that are worrying you. Individuals with any chronic illness or condition that may elevate the risk of kidney failure should visit their doctor for regular screenings through blood, urine and kidney function tests.

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  2. Paul Stevens, Assessment of patients presenting with acute renal failure (acute kidney injury), Medicine, Volume 35, Issue 8, August 2007, Pages 429-433, ISSN 1357-3039, 10.1016/j.mpmed.2007.05.013.
  3. K.J. Kelly, Acute Renal Failure: Much More Than a Kidney Disease, Seminars in Nephrology, Volume 26, Issue 2, March 2006, Pages 105-113, ISSN 0270-9295, 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2005.09.003.