Risk & Complications of Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia Risk Factors Includes:

  • Teenage pregnancies (under 25)
  • Pregnancies in women over 35
  • First time pregnancies
  • Previous history of preeclampsia
  • Family history of preeclampsia (especially if your sister or mother has had preeclampsia)
  • Carrying twins or multiples
  • Obesity (prior and during the pregnancy)
  • A BMI of 35 or higher
  • High blood pressure prior to pregnancy
  • There is a gap of 10 years of more between pregnancies
  • A new partner (women are more likely to have preeclampsia with a new partner even if the condition did not exist in a prior pregnancy with a different partner)
While there is no conclusive evidence as yet, studies are being conducted on whether the following factors can increase the risk of preeclampsia:

  • Having a history of health conditions such as urinary tract infection and periodontal disease.
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • High levels of protein in blood or urine

Frequently asked questions
  1. Trends in Fetal and Infant Survival Following Preeclampsia, Olga Basso, Svein Rasmussen, Clarice R. Weinberg, Allen J. Wilcox, Lorentz M. Irgens, Rolv Skjaerven; JAMA. 2006;296(11):1357-1362.doi:10.1001/jama.296.11.1357
  2. Barrier Contraceptive Methods and Preeclampsia, James L. Mills, Mark A. Klebanoff, Barry I. I. Graubard, J. Christopher Carey, Heinz W. Berendes; JAMA. 1991;265(1):70-73.doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460010070033