February 29, 2008

Vulvodynia – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods

Posted in Category : Women's Health

Vulvodynia is a common disorder found in the vulva. The genital organ of a female are collectively called vulva. Due to this disorder there is vulvar pain, discomfort and burning that interferes with your health. In some cases Vulvodynia may be caused due to trauma while the common cause for this disorder is due to bacterial vaginosis or yeast infections

The pain may be localized or generalized in vulvar region. Localized vulvodynia in vestibular region is also called as vulvar vestibulitis. Vestibular region may become red. Vulvar pain may extend into clitoris. This is referred as Clitorodynia. The pain may remain constant or provoked if there is a contact with an external object.

Some other possible causes of vulvodynia include sensitivity or allergy to organisms or chemicals found in environment. Vulvodynia may also be caused due to autoimmune disorder, spasm or chronic tension of muscles of vulvar area. Neuropathy may also lead to vulvodynia. Infection or injury to the vulvar area may give rise to this problem. In some cases vulvodynia occurs post genital surgery. This disorder is also found in patients who are suffering from interstitial cystitis.

Diagnosis of this order is based on typical complaints of various patients. Cotton swab test is frequently used to delineate area of pain and to categorize their severity touch. As the cotton ball touches the area of pain, it gives extreme pain to the patients. Many patients suffering from this disorder do consult several gynecologists for their advice before any final conclusion on the diagnosis is made.

Treatment is primarily based on empirical experience. Patients who are suffering from this disorder should always wear cotton underwear and avoid synthetics. You should also avoid vulvar irritants such as perfumes, shampoos and detergents. Soaps should not be used for cleaning the infected area. Use cotton menstrual pads. Oral and injectable medication such as estrogens, anesthetics alone can be taken. Surgery is another option available to treat this disorder where vaginal extension is performed. This process involves pulling forward the vaginal tissue and removing the skin.