Causes of Neuralgia

Possible causes of neuralgia include:

  • Diabetes
  • Irritation caused by toxins or chemicals
  • Chronic renal insufficiency
  • Infections such as shingles, Lyme disease, and syphilis
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Other bacterial infections of the brain and spinal cord
  • Certain medications
  • Pressure placed on the nerves by tumors, ligaments, bones and blood vessels
  • Hepatitis C
  • Trauma or injury
  • Recent surgery
  • Tumors of the brain or spinal cord
  • Stroke
  • Transient ischemic attack
  • Autoimmune disease such as lupus or Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Chronic diseases such as connective tissue disorders, hypothyroidism, multiple sclerosis, porphyria, spinal stenosis, and vascular disorders
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Repetitive stress injuries such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Unknown causes
There are also certain risk factors of neuralgia that increase a person’s chance of developing the disease. These include:

  • Age – Though neuralgia can occur at any age, it is more common among the elderly
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Diabetes
  • Malnutrition

  1. Ann Berger, Marie Henderson, Wolffe Nadoolman, Valerie Duffy, Dennis Cooper, Lloyd Saberski, Linda Bartoshuk, Oral capsaicin provides temporary relief for oral mucositis pain secondary to chemotherapy/radiation therapy, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Volume 10, Issue 3, April 1995, Pages 243-248, ISSN 0885-3924,