The kidneys are responsible for cleansing the blood and removing excess minerals, fluids and waste matter from our systems. They also produce hormones which strengthen the bones and promote good health of the blood. When the kidneys undergo damage, they are unable to function properly. The waste material starts to build up in the body and the blood pressure rises. Water retention may also take place and the body may be unable to create a sufficient level of red blood cells. This is known as kidney failure.
Kidney failure is of two types, acute and chronic. In acute kidney failure, there is a sudden loss in kidney function and the kidneys are unable to remove the extra salts and fluids from the body. Chronic kidney failure is the gradual loss of the kidneys’ ability to perform its function. When the kidneys fail, treatment is necessary to help them regain their normal function. Treatment may involve either dialysis or kidney transplant. Lifestyle and dietary changes are also necessary to ensure good health of the kidneys.
Alternative Names: Renal insufficiency, Renal failure