Some of the symptoms are fever, swollen lymph nodes, body ache, fatigue and sores in and around the mouth. This is probably why a diagnosis of HSV infection does not happen until much later.
There are no cures or home remedies for these cold sores and the recurring nature of the infection can make it quite frustrating to live with. However, medication to minimize the severity of the symptoms is available. The recurrences are usually preceded by a tingling or burning sensation. The blisters when they appear eventually become cloudy and filled with pus. On breaking they reveal a bright red area that eventually dries up, leaving a dry crust. They usually heal about a week after the initial outbreak.
The frequency of outbreaks can vary, with a lucky few never having any. In severe cases, the outbreaks may occur several times in a year. The treatments for these outbreaks include:
- Denavir: This antiviral agent is available in the form of a topical cream and helps to decrease the length of an outbreak and quicken healing.
- Acyclovir: Available as an oral pill, it may help to decrease symptoms but needs to be taken soon after the onset of symptoms.
- Zinc: Ointment of zinc oxide can be applied to the sores but only after the crusts have formed.
- Drying Agents: Agents such as rubbing alcohol can be used when the sores initially appear.
A word of caution - Avoid using steroid based creams, smallpox vaccination or dye-light therapy as they have not been proved to be effective against cold sores and may in fact make them worse.
answered by G M on Mar 20, 2013, 2:35:49