Usually, a rash that affects the lower legs is a type of dermatitis. There are many such different types of dermatitis that can affect individuals of all ages. Since the treatment for the rash will depend on the specific type of dermatitis, it would be best if you contacted a dermatologist for treatment. Home care should be attempted only after this.
Consider the different types of lower leg dermatitis. They include:
- Atopic Dermatitis: This usually affects children and is characterized by an itchy rash. There may be several flare ups and there is a danger of secondary infection.
- Discoid Eczema: Is characterized by round or oval plaques and can be further classified as either wet or dry. The dry type isn't itchy while the wet type is often triggered by an injury such as an insect bite and is resistant to treatment.
- Varicose Eczema: This is a type of discoid eczema that follows the path of varicose veins in the legs. Treatment usually requires the removal of the veins.
- Gravitational Dermatitis: This is caused valvular damage to the veins of the legs, usually as a result of deep vein thrombosis or cellulitis. The swelling is aggravated after prolonged standing or during hot weather.
- Contact Dermatitis: This is usually caused by irritants that may be found in toiletries or clothes or due to a specific allergy.
These are just some of the conditions that may be responsible for the rash on your calves. Other conditions range from skin disorders such as psoriasis and folliculitis to potentially fatal skin cancers.
For these reasons, it is strongly suggested that you seek medical help to identify the cause of the rash before attempting any home remedies.
There are some steps that you can take irrespective of the type of dermatitis. These include:
- Keep your skin well hydrated and avoid dry skin.
- For dry skin, use non-soap cleansers.
- Do not expose your legs to direct heat such as hot air from the car heater.
- Avoid standing for extended periods of time as this may aggravate swelling in the legs.
- Take regular walks.
- Keep your feet elevated while sleeping or sitting down.
- Wear compression stockings.
- If there is fluid seepage from the affected area, apply Condy's solution or diluted vinegar on to a swab and apply it. This will help to dry it up.
Avoid topical antibiotics and products containing fragrances or herbal extracts to minimize the risk of allergic reactions.
answered by G R on Jan 14, 2014, 12:44:08